Combating Child sexual exploitation: from the screen of the offender’s computer to the place where victimes are abused. [fr]
Faced with the upsurge of human trafficking and child sexual exploitation, France, in connection with the European Criminal Police agency EUROPOL, within its EMPACT program (Priority Child Sexual Exploitation) has decided to organize an international and technical seminar that takes place in Singapore 18-21 June 2019. A hundred specialists from 24 countries, among them 15 in South and Southeast Asia (Bangladesh, Brunei, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Maldives, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam) will be working to create an international structured and efficient network of cooperation promoting the exchange and sharing of information between the regional authorities responsible for the fight against child sexual exploitation.
Child sexual exploitation is far from being a new phenomenon. This plague of international importance, has spread exponentially in recent decades over the highly targeted area of Southeast Asia and the Indian subcontinent. Combined with the use of new computer and digital technologies as well as the current means of communication, the criminality has acquired innovative processes to satisfy the demands of pedophiles around the world.
Thus the cyber-porn industry has developed rapidly in the emerging countries in the region where, in extremely poor communities, this activity appears as an alternative to misery. Southeast Asia has gradually become the breeding ground for multiple criminal activities, including the sexual exploitation of children distributed online. This has expanded unprecedentedly, as a particularly profitable business. According to the estimates of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), this criminal enterprise generates between 3 and 20 million dollars profit per year.
The clandestine nature of the dissemination of images and videos as well as the opacity of networks linking traffickers and pedophiles are proving to be an issue in the surveillance, detection and investigation. Faced with this alarming development and this flawed children protection, a strong international police cooperation helped by an efficient partnership supported by all the actors of the public and private sectors impacted by this new form of crime, has become a pressing necessity.
The seminar will focus, in particular, on the following issues:
The fight against live-streaming
This particularly alarming phenomenon consists of the live (by webcam) and commercial broadcasts of videos of sexual abuse of children, most of them pre-pubescent. It is a major concern of worldwide law enforcement agencies because it is obvious that this method of dissemination attracts more and more Internet pedophiles.
Transnational child sex offenders
This phenomenon, already internationally known, is currently changing. It has been noted nationally and internationally that these offenders are more often filming their crimes in order to disseminate them on the internet later, and thus feed the international pedophile community with constantly renewed images. In addition, cross-border mobility of pedophiles clearly complicates the action of law enforcement agencies and the feedback of information which could allow judicial proceedings in the countries from which the alleged offenders originate.
The fight against the financing of child pornography
Images of child sexual abuse are available online in exchange for payments. These are multiple low value transactions disseminated through international financial and economic networks. These transactions need to be detected to better incriminate the criminal network that organizes the payment from the pedophile to the recipient of the payments.